The Mosaic floor at Nilos church in Mamshit from the 4th century
Mamshit is the Nabatean city of Memphis. In the Nabatean period, Mamshit was important because it sat on the route from the Idumean Mountains to the Arava, continued on to Beersheva or to Hebron and Jerusalem. The city covers ten acres and is the smallest but best restored city in the Negev Desert. The once-luxurious houses have unusual architecture not found in any other Nabatean city.